Some of the most common diseases that affect our oral health include cavities (cavities), gum disease (periodontal) and oral cancer. More than 40% of adults say they have experienced pain in the mouth in the past year, and more than 80% of people will have had at least one tooth decay before age 34.Gingivitis can be caused by different species of bacteria and is the earliest stage of gum disease. When bacteria enter the cracks in a person's gums, toxins are created that irritate surrounding gum tissue. Once the gums become inflamed, bleeding often occurs when brushing your teeth.
According to the American Academy of Periodontics, between 50 and 90 percent of adults in the U.S. UU. The infection can still be reversed at this time, but it will cause periodontal disease if left uncontrolled. With periodontal disease, pockets of pus begin to form below the gum line, causing more inflammation and loss of bone tissue.
Over time, this causes teeth to loosen and eventually fall out. It's actually the most common reason for tooth loss in adults. This disease is related to hand, foot and mouth disease. It mainly affects children under 10 years of age during the summer and fall months.
A sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and a feeling of fever are common symptoms of this infection. It is usually accompanied by blisters that form on the back of the child's mouth. Herpangina normally lasts three to five days. Around 85% of people with persistent bad breath have a dental problem.
Gum disease, tooth decay, mouth cancer, dry mouth and bacteria on the tongue are some of the dental problems that can cause bad breath. One in four adults has untreated tooth decay and, according to the CDC, nearly all adults will have tooth decay at some point. You may have a cavity if you feel pain, if food gets stuck in your tooth, if your tooth feels rough on your tongue, or if it hurts to eat something cold or sweet. Depending on their severity, cavities can be treated with fillings, crowns, or root canals.
If the damage is too extensive or involves nerve damage, the tooth may need to be removed. To reduce the chance of developing tooth decay, brush your teeth twice a day, floss once a day, drink fluoridated water, use fluoride toothpaste, stay away from sugary foods and drinks, and see your dentist regularly. If you regularly chew on hard foods such as nuts or ice cubes, grind your teeth, or get your mouth pierced, you have a greater risk of having your tooth broken. You may feel pain, depending on the amount of tooth that was lost.
You may also feel a rough edge when you walk across it with your tongue. If this happens, see your dentist. Is it possible to soften a small chip. Your dentist can use a tooth-colored filling, a veneer, or a crown to shape your smile after a larger chip.
Grinding your teeth (Bruxism) is more likely to occur while you sleep, although it can happen at any time of the day if you're stressed, have a new filling or a crown higher than the rest of your teeth, or have an abnormal bite. Over a long period of time, the surface of the teeth will wear out. You may experience toothaches, headaches or dull ears, and jaw pain (TMJ). Your teeth may also look more yellow because the white outer cover is worn out.
A custom mouth guard from your dentist can protect your teeth during sleep and correct bite problems. If stress is the cause, find a way to relax. Meditation, counseling, and exercise can help reduce stress and anxiety (and the likelihood that you'll grind your teeth). Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease, an infection of the tissues around the teeth caused by plaque.
If you have gingivitis, your gums can easily become red, swollen, and bleed. You may also experience bad breath. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know that you have it. You're more likely to develop gum disease if you skip brushing and flossing your teeth, use tobacco, have crooked teeth that are difficult to keep clean, are pregnant, have diabetes, or take certain medications.
When it is in its early stages, the disease is still reversible and the gums can regain their good health with professional cleaning by the dentist, in addition to brushing and flossing their teeth daily. Periodontitis is the most advanced form of gum disease, a major cause of tooth loss in adults. According to the CDC, nearly half of the U.S. The disease can be reversed in the early stages, but the damage can be permanent the longer it's not treated.
While you may not be aware of gum disease in your mouth, abscesses can develop, which are usually painful. Symptoms include bleeding, swelling of the gums, persistent bad breath or bad taste, loose permanent teeth, and changes in bite. Your teeth may appear to get longer as your gums and bones recede. There are many treatments available, including deep cleanings known as scraping and root smoothing.
Talk to your dentist to find out what's best for you. Canker sores are small white or gray sores with a red border that appear on the lips, the back of the throat, or under the tongue. The exact cause is uncertain, but some suggest that problems with the immune system, bacteria, or viruses may play a role. They're also more common in women.
Canker sores aren't contagious and usually heal on their own after a week or two. Over-the-counter creams and mouthwashes can provide temporary relief. Until it heals, stay away from hot, spicy, or acidic foods, as they can irritate the sore. Each year, approximately 40,000 new cases of oral and throat cancers, tonsils and back of the tongue are diagnosed.
Tobacco use, alcohol abuse, and HPV increase the chances of developing these types of cancer. Men are twice as likely to have oral cancer as women. During regular checkups, the dentist will check your mouth for symptoms such as red or white spots, sores that don't heal, and rough, crusty spots. If you find anything suspicious, your dentist will order more tests or refer you to a specialist.
The image above is just one example of how oral cancer might appear. Once this happens, the pulp and internal nerves are exposed to bacteria, food particles, and other debris in the mouth. It's also important to keep your mouth clean and healthy by brushing your teeth, using dental floss and not using tobacco. Some of the most common risk factors for receiving a diagnosis of oral disease are smoking cigarettes, drinking too much alcohol, not taking proper care of your mouth, and following an unhealthy diet.
Use this visual guide to learn more about some of the most common dental health problems, the symptoms to watch for, and the possible treatments available. You know that good dental habits can help prevent things like tooth decay and gingivitis, but you may not know what these conditions actually look like or how they can affect your mouth. This professional is trained to diagnose and treat common dental conditions in patients of all ages, so that the whole family can visit the same dentist. Finding out which possible dental problems are the most common and their causes can go a long way in preventing them.